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20 °C—A Short History of the Standard Reference Temperature for Industrial Dimensional Measurements; NIST J Res Jan-Feb 2007 112-1; 2007


Doiron, T.

J Res NIST 112-1; 23p. January-February 2007.

Keywords:
Dimensional metrology; gage blocks; gauge blocks; reference temperature; C. E. Johansson; S. W. Stratton.

Abstract:
One of the basic principles of dimensional metrology is that a part dimension changes with temperature because of thermal expansion. Since 1931 industrial lengths have been defined as the size at 20 °C. This paper discusses the variety of standard temperatures that were in use before that data, the efforts of C.E. Johansson to meet these variations, and the effort by the National Bureau of Standards to bring the United States to the eventual world standard.


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